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MIGRATION

Migration indicates temporary or permanent movement from one place to another.Since the dawn of
human evalution humans have migrated from one place to another in search of food,shelter,cloth,safety
etc.People still move for these reasons but new reasons have also arising such as searching for
job,overpopulation,Environmental (Better climate, calamities, and natural disasters are examples of
environmental causes or reasons), Economic (Moving to find work or moving to follow a particular
career path is an example of economic cause or reason), Cultural (Religious freedom and education is an
example of cultural cause or reason), Social (Moving for a better quality of life or moving closer to a
family member or friend is an example of a social cause or reason).Peoples are not only considering the
opportunities but also think about the pros & cons,the advantages & disadvantages of moving and also
considering the factors which attract themselves.It is mainly two type  Push Factors – These are
reasons for leaving a place, which is called emigrating, because of certain difficulties like food
shortage, war, flood, calamities, etc. Push factors are the reasons why people leave an area.They are
usually involuntary or forced migrants. eg. crop failure,drought,flooding,high crime,lack of
services,lack of safety,poverty,war etc. &  Pull Factors – These are reasons for moving into a
place, which is called immigrating, because of an aspiration, dream, or something desirable like
abundance in food supply, a better climate, more freedom, etc. Pull factors are the reasons why people
are attracted or pulled to a particular area. They are usually voluntary migrant. better services. eg.
good climate,higher employment,lower risk from natural hazards,more fertile land,more wealth.
Burning example of the hazardous effect of migration was The Rohingya incident that took place
in Myanmar but shook the whole world.It is not always that migration is harmful,we must also
remember that it has good effects also.These migrants possess enough potentiality which if put to
good use through proper management can bring about greater developments.Some good effects
of migration according to me that migrants can provide excellent human capital which may helps
to bring development in various fields; Migration also leads to cultural exchange and cultural and
traditional exposure; Development and implemention of numerous new ideas in various sectors
etc. There can be various good uses of migrants which need to be identified by the various
authority rather than only focusing on the dark side of it.
BY- -SOURAV DUTTA 6th sem, RKMVERI

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