Skip to main content


Ancient Agricultural Science and Technologies for doubling farmers income at present day context

Indians have been cultivating for more than 10000 years since the time of Rigveda (c.8000 BC) using locally available resources in an eco-friendly way. Farmers of many areas still are following ancient practices while modern agricultural graduates, trained in the agricultural technologies of the West, are mostly ignorant of our own rich heritage of ancient agricultural practices. It is absolutely necessary for the farm scientists to possess knowledge of our agricultural heritage in order to effectively communicate with the majority of farmer communities. The oldest composition, Rigveda (c.8000), has several verses describing the profession of farming, farming operations and farmer’s happy and enjoyable life. Parasar(c.400 BC), Garg( ), Barahmihir(600 AD),  Kashyapa(700 – 800)AD and Surapal(1000AD) were five famous scholars and thinkers in ancient India who laid the foundation of Agriculture in India. The following eight books, six of which have been translated into English by A
Recent posts

Vegetarianism vs World Hunger

In this modernized world, agriculture practice is becoming the centre of attraction for keeping ecology balanced and hence 40 billion hac. land area is dedicated to agriculture and out of which 70% land is used to rear animals. Instead of this if every individual adapts vegetarian then also the land mass required 0.6-1.2 billion hac. though the population increases by 30%. Unfortunately there are many road blocks for ending world hunger. Some major problems are food wastage at any modern place due to less availability, increase in cost of produce etc. and these problems play a very important role to stop world hunger. Vegetarianism is itself a very big problem for the people because of the way they see the world. Simply, more population eat meat, the fewer people can be fed. For eg. over 10 pounds of plant protein are used to produce one pound of beef protein. If these grains were fed to humans instead of animals, more food would be available for the millions of people in chronic hu

Study of Micro-Evidence for Agricultural Labour Market functioning in Chomo Tehsil of Jaipur

One of the main cause behind the poor socio economic culture in a n a country is the unequal distribution of land holding. For the developing country the proper and max open and maximum utilization of land is essential one and to f fulfil it the lease of land is encouraged. This promotes the labour market in Agriculture sector. A recent study intended to investigate the performance of Jaipur district of Rajasthan. Randomly 3 villages of Chomu Tehsil of Jaipur district was selected for study. The data of the 2010-11 span was used for the study. After deep study it was found that the frequency of labour credit interlocking was much more prominent than labour- land interlocking and labour had borrowed money from employers and paid a high rate of interest. But the perday income of labour was higher than average labour rate (Rs 175-190). Their family size, socio-economic status was also affected by this system. Based on the probability, 60 persons are randomly selected and data were collec

Voices from the periphery: Subalternity of Lodhas

Lodhas have lived a life of miserable poverty throughout a longer period. Colonial Government had been unresponsive towards their development. The stigma of ‘Criminality’ had detached them from the organised society. Post-colonial India tried to free them from the mark through withdrawal of the Criminal Tribal Act, implemented in 1952. They are presently treated as a Primitive Tribal Group (PTG) and after 2006, it’s Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG). They not only reside in the jungle areas now, but also inhabits in the surrounding deforested areas also and work there as farm labourers. Their major source of livelihood is comprised of various activities like collection of minor forest products (MFPs) for preparing leafy-plates (Donas), leaves for making country-cigars (Bidis), collection of snakes, lizards and other animals for selling them, collection of leaves and other forest food products for home consumption as well as selling the surplus, collection of Tasar cocoons fo


In India, over 70 % of rural household depends on agriculture sector, it contributes about 17 % to the total GDP of our country. But, in current situation, the rate of increasing farmer’s suicides in day by day is black spots on government of India.  Due to lack of agriculture technologies, lack of knowledge to how evaluate the agriculture practices, marginal scattered land, water scarcity and some other reasons farmers are getting less production and unsatisfied income. To overcome these problem and get more production per unit area in very lower farming cost, here a new term is introducing as Multilayer farming. Introduction : Multilayer farming is modern integrated farming system in which four to five different crops are cultivated in same crop-field in a specific time. In this technique, farmers come up with multilayer seed sowing in which different vegetable and fruit crops are being sown in deep, middle, top, top most layers of soil, according to their respective root zone, s

Artificial Intelligence boon or bane?

It’s a pleasure to be surrounded by intelligent things that make our life easy, wealthy, comfortable, happy and most importantly healthy. There are many species on earth and humans are one of them. The unparalleled human potential distinguishes humans from others. We have higher level of consciousness than others, emotions to express, ability to create and ability to deal with the surprises like tsunami sent by the mighty nature. Having lots of intelligent things like computers, internet, Siri,  Alexa, Facebook, Google, Drones, self-driving cars have definitely improved our lifestyles and enhanced our efficiency. All these intelligence are created by humans to empower the human beings and are the best example of artificial or machine intelligence at present. The primitive artificial intelligence has been proved beneficial to the mankind. The matter of concern are the headlines we often come through that artificial intelligence will destroy human jobs, increase automation, will be sma

The present scenario of agriculture in India

So far, through the records it has been seen that  India was the ninth largest exporter of agricultural products in 2017. As we all know that agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for about 58 per cent of India’s population. Gross Value Added by agriculture, forestry and fishing is estimated at Rs 17.67 trillion (US$ 274.23 billion) in FY18.  Indian food industry is poised for huge growth, increasing its contribution to world food trade every year due to its immense potential for value addition, particularly within the food processing industry. The Indian food and grocery market is the world’s sixth largest, with retail contributing 70 per cent of the sales. The Indian food processing industry accounts for 32 per cent of the country’s total food market, one of the largest industries in India and is ranked fifth in terms of production, consumption, export and expected growth. It contributes around 8.80 and 8.39 per cent of Gross Value Added (GVA) in Manufacturing and Agricu


Gandhiji is one of those men who, living an austerely simple life themselves and devoted to all the highest principles of love to their fellow beings and to truth and justice, touch the eyes of the weaker brethren as with magic and give them a new vision. He is a man who may be well described as a man among men, a hero among heroes, a patriot among patriots, and we may say that in him Indian humanity at the present time has reached its high water mark. He has in him the marvellous spiritual power to turn ordinary men around him into heroes and martyrs. He says that, if you wish the good of those you come in contact with, the only way to achieve the end is to be good yourself. Self-improvement and self-culture are his ideals. He always acts upon the proverb "Example is better than percept," and that's how all his theories and practice are blended so harmoniously one with another in his daily life. No earthly temptations are too strong for him. And none of them can ma

NIOS: A Schooling System with a difference

One of the old sanskrit scriptures described how and from where do we learn. It states: "A Quarter of our learning comes from our Teachers, Own intellect and talent provides a Quarter. A Quarter from the peers and friends and Remaining comes only with Time." This age old wisdom and the contribution of research on human learning in this century indicates that important role of learning, rather than Teaching, on acquisition of Knowledge. Bhagwan Sri Ramakrishna said, "as long as I live, so long do I learn". Each and every time we take a step we learn, knowingly or unknowingly. For example, when we go to a vegetable vendor to buy potatoes, we observe, we select, we negotiate, we learn about various Qualities of potatoes, we learn about weighing, we learn accounting and we also to learn socialise. So, that is the amount of learning which takes place with a simple reality like buying vegetables. You can very well imagine the amount of

Regulating Struggle for Bauxite Mine Safety: Native Asur communities in Jobhipat

Jobhipat Bauxite Mine is situated near village Narma, post office Jobhipat, police station Bishunpur, district Gumla, state Jharkhand with the local dialects like nagpuri, hindi, oriya, bihari and kurukh. This bauxite mine is spread across 1,29,445 ha with annual digging rate of 3,28,739 tons. If we go to it's historical legacy, then mining here started around may 1974 on 129.44 hectares then on lease basis for 20 years. Then Hindalco Industries Limited from the house of Aditya Birla Group came here with an renewal application and again started digging from 15th may, 1992. Later, the third renewal was approved on 15th may 2013, under Rule 12 of MCR 1960 and now the renewal is modified with rule no 17(3) of MCR 2016, which sanctions them a optimum lease period extended upto 17th may 2024, as per MMDR (Amendment) Act 2015. The land under mining was earlier comprising of mainly agricultural land, forest land and jungle jhari land which was quite more fertile then. The starting o

Traditional Marital Status of Santal Community

The important phase of life cycle is marriage. In the turning point of life marriage is very much significant in human social life. It is found among the every people of the society. It not only provides to make contact with the other people of the society but also gives an individual a social status. So, there are many rites and rituals are related with marriage. Marriage is socially recognized bonding of man and woman as this term is culturally constructed typically for the purpose of legitimate reproduction, the establishment of family or a creation of new household. So when mating gets social approval and when it controls the relation of a mated pair to each other, their kinsmen, their offspring and society at large, it will be known as marriage. Thus, marriage is the basis of the human society. Marriage in Santals community is a sign of prosperity and beginning of new life. The institution of marriage is very strong among them. Among them marriage is known as “ Bapla ”.   M