“When women are empowered and can claim their rights and access to land, leadership, opportunities and choices, economic grow, food security is enhanced and prospects are improved for current and future generation.” Michel Bachele.
In the field of Agriculture and rural economics, women are the backbone. 43%of the world’s agricultural labours are taken on by the women. In the countries like Africa almost 80% agricultural workforce are women. Indian agriculture reflects familial traditional, social relation and gender roles. Women represent a significant demographic group in agricultural sector either through traditional sake or agricultural labour. In peasant India almost 84% women depend on agriculture for their subsistence. Almost 33% women are engaged in cultivation directly and 47% works as agricultural labour. In the case of some labour intensive crop, like Tea, cotton etc, women plays a very important role. In tea garden almost 47% labours are women. These crops require skilled labour and without female workers these are quite impossibleIndigenous technologies are used in many places of India. So women play a significant accost in the application of indigenous technologies like seed preparation, natural fertilizer, crop protection etc. In India there are some rituals which are related to agriculture like ‘Lohri’ in Punjab and ‘Navanya’ in West Bengal etc. According to the tradition and mythology, those rituals are very important for the sake of good yield. These functions celebrate the role of women in agriculture and fertility.Now days women are involved to exchange knowledge to ascertain organic and sustainable agriculture practices.
By Jayabrata Bardhan (3rd sem RKMVERI)